Tartar also called calculus is plaque (mass of bacteria) that grows and hardens on the teeth; it is also known to form underneath the gum line and irritates gum tissues. When there is plaque formation and it continues to grow, it can lead to dental conditions like gum disease and cavities.
Once plaque hardens, it forms a mass which is difficult to remove. It is a porous structure and easily absorbs coffee, tea and stains caused by smoking. The formation of tartar above the gums can cause dental problems in the future. The bacteria over time irritate and damage the gum and it can later progress into adverse forms of gum disease. The mild form of gum disease is gingivitis. It can be stopped with regular brushing, flossing and dental cleanups. If it worsens pockets of bacteria form between gum and teeth and the condition is called periodontitis. It damages the bones and tissues that hold the teeth in place.
Tips to prevent tartar formation on teeth
- Brush regularly
Brush twice a day for at least two minutes, use a brush with soft bristles, and make sure to reach every surface of teeth including behind molars.
- Get into the habit of flossing
You may brush well and maintain the white color of your teeth, but flossing is essential to remove food particles that get stuck between the teeth which are otherwise difficult to remove through regular brushing.
- Eat a healthy diet
Eat a healthy diet and limit the amount of sugary snacks and food, because bacteria thrive on sugary and starchy foods and release harmful chemicals. The best way to avoid contact of food with plaque is drink lots of water after a meal or rinse your mouth with plain water to wash away the food particles and brush before you sleep.
- Avoid smoking
Smoking creates plaque build up due to the harmful chemicals in tobacco smoke.
For further information on dental care contact Green Meadow Dental, 3579 B Berlin Turnpike, Newington CT 06111 (860)-865-0056. Many people from Glastonbury come to our office because we are conveniently located next to Target. Our flexible hours and family dental practice makes it easy for busy families to schedule visits for both parents and children. We also service patients from surrounding areas including Farmington, Cromwell and West Hartford.