Orthodontic treatment is a branch of dentistry that helps to correct various teeth abnormalities. There are different types of orthodontic treatments such as the use of braces, aligners (Invisalign), space maintainers, retainers, etc. that can be employed to correct improperly positioned teeth and jaw.
Following are the most common teeth abnormalities that can be corrected by orthodontic treatments:
- Overbite is a condition where the upper front teeth are misaligned over the lower jaw. This causes the upper row of teeth to protrude beyond those on the bottom row. Overbites are common dental problems that are mostly inherited from parents. This condition gets worse in early childhood due to bad oral habits such as thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, etc. as the tender jaw bone gets easily deformed at this age.
- Underbite is a condition where the lower jaw protrudes out beyond the upper jaw. Ideally, the lower front teeth should lie behind the upper teeth. However in this condition, it is the opposite. Because of this condition people with underbite condition have a more prominent lower jaw than normal. Like overbites, underbites are also related to genetics and usually inherited.
- Crossbite is a condition that occurs due to the irregularities of the occlusal surface of the tooth. In this condition, one or more teeth may be tilted towards the cheek (known as buccal) or towards the tongue (known as lingual). The crossbite conditions can occur on one or both sides of the jaw.
- Open bite is a condition in which the front teeth are forced outwards so much that the upper and lower teeth do not touch each other even when the mouth is closed.
- Crowding is a condition when there is a lack of space for all the teeth to fit properly within the jaws. This condition may be caused due to early or late loss of primary teeth, an inadequate eruption of teeth or due to genetic inheritance.
- Spacing is a condition that is just opposite to crowding of teeth. In this dental condition, there is an excess of space that leads to gaps or spaces between the teeth. Impacted teeth, protrusive teeth or abnormal gum tissue attachments can cause spacing problems. When such teeth abnormalities are left untreated, they become worse with time. Therefore, treatment by a specialist in orthodontic treatment (orthodontist) to correct these teeth abnormalities in the early stage is highly recommended.
For orthodontic treatment and teeth straightening, contact Green Meadow Dental, 3579 B Berlin Turnpike, Newington, CT 06111, (860)-850-0056. Families from Glastonbury find the easy drive to Newington well worthwhile because or our expertise and modern facilities, our friendly dental team and the relaxing disposition of Dr. Mukund. We also serve patients from surrounding areas including Plainville, Rocky Hill and Berlin.