Gum disease occurs when tissues that support and surround your teeth get infected. It is caused when plaque, which is a colorless film of bacteria, starts forming on teeth. As the disease progresses, the sticky film of bacteria hardens and forms tartar which is difficult to remove. If the plaque is not removed, the bacteria will not only infect your gums and teeth, but also deeper tissues and bones that firmly hold the teeth, and may result in tooth loss.
Top reasons that may cause bleeding gums:
Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease. It starts when there is plaque deposit at gum line. Plaque secretes toxins that irritate gum tissues and cause gum inflammation. You will be able to detect the presence of gingivitis, if you notice blood stains while brushing and flossing. At this point it is important to visit your dentist and get professional teeth cleaning done to prevent the disease from progressing to an advanced stage.
The advanced stage of gingivitis is known as periodontitis. Here the bacterial invasion will involve deeper structures of the tooth i.e the periodontal supporting fibres and surrounding bone (responsible for holding the tooth firmly in the jaw). Your dentist will observe a change in the structure of gums. The gums become highly infected and pus accumulation, excessive bleeding will be seen. Tenderness of the gums and most importantly deep gaps or pockets will be formed beneath the gum line where more plaque and food particles get deposited.
- Trauma to gums:
Applying excessive pressure on gums through vigorous brushing or brushing with hard-bristled toothbrush can cause bleeding. To prevent bleeding gums brush your teeth gently, with soft-bristled brush and change your toothbrush every three months. To know more about the right technique of brushing click here.
- Crooked or mal-positioned teeth:
The presence of crooked or mal-positioned teeth makes brushing a difficult task. People with crooked teeth are more prone to bacterial infection because there are chances of food particles getting stuck between the teeth, and it can result in gingivitis followed by bleeding gums.
- Vitamin K deficiency:
Vitamin K plays an important role in helping the blood to clot. Deficiency of the vitamin increases risk of bleeding from gums and other parts of the body.
People who suffer from certain type of blood cancers such as multiple myeloma or leukaemia are at high risk of suffering from bleeding gums.
For your dental hygiene needs visit Green Meadow Dental, 3579 B Berlin Turnpike, Newington, CT 06111 (860)-865-0056.Families from Portland find the easy drive to Newington well worthwhile because or our expertise and modern facilities, our friendly dental team and the relaxing disposition of Dr. Mukund. We also service surrounding areas like Farmington, East Berlin and Southington
Watch our video on gum disease-